SQL Server Set Login Password

As a database administrator, one of the crucial tasks you have to perform is to ensure that the security of your SQL Server is top-notch. One way to achieve this is by setting strong passwords for the logins. We’ll take a closer look at how to set a login password in SQL Server.

When you create a login in SQL Server, you have the option to set a password for the login. This password is used to authenticate the user when they attempt to connect to the SQL Server instance. A strong password policy is important to ensure that only authorized users can access the SQL Server, and to protect sensitive data from unauthorized access.

Understanding Login Passwords in SQL Server

Before we delve into the steps to set a login password, let’s take a moment to understand how login passwords work in SQL Server.

  • A login password is case-sensitive.
  • The password is hashed before it is stored in the SQL Server system tables.
  • You can set a password policy for SQL Server that enforces password complexity, length, and age.
  • If a login is a member of a Windows group, the password for the login is managed by Windows.

Steps to Set a Login Password in SQL Server

Now that we have a basic understanding of login passwords in SQL Server, let’s take a look at the steps to set a login password:

  1. Open SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS) and connect to the SQL Server instance you want to work with.
  2. Expand the Security folder in Object Explorer, and then expand the Logins folder.
  3. Right-click on the login for which you want to set a password, and then click Properties.
  4. In the Login Properties dialog box, select the General page.
  5. In the Password and Confirm password fields, enter the new password for the login.
  6. If you want to enforce password policy, select the Enforce password policy check box.
  7. If you want to force the user to change their password at the next login, select the User must change password at next login check box.
  8. Click OK to save the changes.

Congratulations! You have successfully set a login password in SQL Server.

Best Practices for Setting Login Passwords

To ensure the security of your SQL Server, it is important to follow best practices when setting login passwords. Here are some tips:

  • Use a strong password that is at least 8 characters long and includes a mix of upper and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols.
  • Avoid using easily guessable passwords, such as “password” or “123456”.
  • Avoid reusing passwords across multiple logins.
  • Change passwords periodically, as per your organization’s password policy.
  • Monitor login activity to detect any unauthorized access attempts.

By following these best practices, you can help ensure that your SQL Server is secure and protected from unauthorized access.


Setting strong passwords for logins is a critical aspect of maintaining the security of your SQL Server. In this article, we discussed how to set a login password in SQL Server and provided best practices for password management. By following these guidelines, you can help protect your SQL Server from security threats and ensure that your organization’s data remains safe.

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